Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)
A person's capacity to manage everyday tasks is assessed by measuring ADLs.
It is important to note that in ME/CFS, the ability to carry out one or more ADLs does not mean that the person is able to carry them out on a daily basis; or even to carry out any of those ADLS on a given day.
These are everyday personal care activities.
Basic ADLs include the following:
- mobility, including in ME/CFS, the ability to stand or sit up.
- personal hygiene and grooming
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs)
These are activities related to independent living within the home and community.
Instrumental ADLs include the following:
- meal preparation
- home maintenance
- managing communication, including telephone and mail
- managing transportation
- managing medications
- coordinating health care
- managing money
- social interaction
- community interaction, including services, events, hobbies and spiritual observance
- responsibilities for others, including parenting and carer roles
- safety procedures and emergency responses
- decision making
Occupational therapists (OTs) assess a person's ability or inability to perform ADLs as a measurement of functional status; and may write reports to assist in applying for services.
OTs can advise on energy conservation, adaptations and equipment to support ADLs.
Last edited: 08 December, 2020